WIETNAM

Filing trademark for protection

About the market

99.5 mln
population
(2022)
68.5 %
% of population aged 15-64 (2022)
1.01%
compound annual population growth rate (CAGR) in 2012-2022
1.01%
compound annual population growth rate (CAGR) in 2012-2022
8.02%
GDP GROWTH RATE (2022)
$4.164
GDP PER CAPITA (2022)
5.8%
online share of retail sales (04.2023)

Whom does this concern?

Exporters
Importers
Service providers
Application developers
IT sector
Game developers
Companies outsourcing OEM, private label production
Companies that manufacture and sell in Vietnam
Companies buying own-brand components (e.g. packaging, casings)

Companies that manufacture and sell in Vietnam

Vietnam is a fast-growing country in Southeast Asia. The Vietnamese market is attractive to both exporters of branded products and private label buyers. Its dynamic economic development, large population, openness to investment and growing demand for quality goods make it an important business destination for global brands.

Protecting your trademark in Vietnam is not only about protecting your own brand, but also about securely entering a market full of opportunities. Having a brand registration in Vietnam gives a company protection not only against competitors vying for a customer’s wallet but also against counterfeits and their uncontrolled export to other countries.

With Vietnam’s rapid growth, trademark protection today is becoming a key element of business strategy to successfully compete and grow in this promising market in the future.

10 years
Okres ochrony liczony od dnia zgłoszenia
10-14 months
Czas trwania procesu rejestracji w Wietnamie przy braku sprzeciwów i komplikacji
#File1st®
Priority is given to those who act first. File your mark first, before someone else is faster

Strefa szybkiej
wiedzy

Why register a trademark in Vietnam?

With almost 100 million people in Vietnam, as in many other markets in Asia, having a trademark is your ticket to the market. If you do not own it, you have no chance of promoting your product. In many markets, such as China, having trademark protection is essential to access distribution channels. In other words, trademark protection provides exclusive rights to use the trademark, protects against imitation, helps fight counterfeiting, builds brand image and increases brand value, which helps protect business interests.

 

Who can apply for a trademark in Vietnam?

In Vietnam, anyone can apply for trademark protection, ranging from individuals to companies, from both home and abroad, as well as associations and NGOs.

Is my trademark available for registration in Vietnam? How can I check?

Check by searching the database of the Intellectual Property Institute of Vietnam.

How to apply for a trademark in Vietnam directly or through WIPO?

Filing a trademark application directly with the Intellectual Property Office of Vietnam (IPOV) rather than through WIPO is more advantageous. First, it is faster because IPOV starts processing the application immediately, whereas WIPO may take up to several months to process the application received and then send it to Vietnam. Secondly, direct filing allows for a more tailored preparation of the application, reflecting the specificities of the local Vietnamese market. In addition, by filing locally, you immediately appoint your professional representative, who not only has the opportunity to communicate directly with IPOV, but also to act immediately in case of objections, for example. This comfort is not available when filing through WIPO.

What documents are required to register a trademark directly in Vietnam?

You will usually need to provide an individual’s identity document or company registration details, a signed power of attorney, a graphic file of the trademark and a detailed list of goods or services to be associated with the mark. Before submitting the documents to the office, your appointed professional representative will translate them into Vietnamese.

Dobór produktu i usług, jak to zrobić najlepiej?

Dobór klas rejestracyjnych produktów i usług jest kluczowy dla zapewnienia pełnej ochrony znaku towarowego. Na początkowym etapie zgłaszający powinien rozważyć zarówno obecne, jak i przyszłe portfolio produktów, by uwzględnić wszystkie planowane grupy produktowe. Następnie, na podstawie tych informacji, rzecznik dobiera odpowiednie klasy i konkretne pozycje w każdej z nich. Na niektórych terytoriach, z uwagi na koszty zgłoszenia, produkty powinny być grupowane w podkategorie zamiast wymieniania każdego z nich z osobna. Na przykład, nie ma potrzeby szczegółowego wymieniania kosmetyków z linii ‘makeup’. Wystarczy wybrać ogólną kategorię: ‘makeup cosmetics’. Podobnie w przypadku soków: nie ma potrzeby wymieniać wszystkich smaków, wystarczy wskazać produkt: ‘soki’ itp. Ostateczny dobór produktów i usług powinien być zawsze potwierdzony z lokalnymi rzecznikami patentowymi, który nie tylko doradzi w kwestii optymalnego zgłoszenia znaku na danym terytorium, efektywnego grupowania pozycji ale też dopasuje je do standardowych list akceptowalnych przez dany urząd patentowy. Ważne jest, aby pamiętać, że znak, który nie jest używany może zostać wygaszony po kilku latach. Okres ten jest różny, w zależności od terytorium zgłoszenia. Nie mniej jednak dobór powinien być przemyślany i zawierać te produkty i usługi, które trafią do oferty w dającym się przewidzieć czasie.

#File1st® File your trademark for protection

FAQ - Frequently asked questions

1. Do I have to use my trademark in Vietnam before registering it? 

In Vietnam, use of a mark prior to registration is not required, so new marks can be filed for protection. It should be noted that Vietnam has adopted the first-to-file principle in trademark law. This principle means that the exclusive rights to a trademark are granted to the first person who files an application and is successful in the registration process. The priority of registration is based on the priority of the application and not on the priority of use of the mark.

2. How much does it cost to register trademark in Vietnam? 

Costs depend on the number of classes and products submitted. Take a look at our price list for details.

3. What types of trademarks can be filed for protection in Vietnam? 

The trademark registration system in Vietnam allows for the protection of a wide range of types of trademarks. Commonly registered trademarks include word marks, graphic marks (logos or symbols), word and graphic marks, 3D marks, holograms and colour marks. In addition, the legal system allows for the registration of special marks, such as sound and smell marks. In practice, the versatility of Vietnamese trademark law allows for many different and creative methods of protecting a brand’s image.

4. Is it possible to apply for a trademark in several classes with one application in Vietnam? 

Yes, the law in Vietnam allows you to apply for a trademark in several classes in one application.

5. In the case of a multi-class application, does the Vietnam Intellectual Property Office examine each class separately?  

Yes, for multi-class applications, the Intellectual Property Office of Vietnam examines the registrability of the mark separately for each class. The Office examines the registrability of the mark, its distinctiveness from others, whether it conflicts with already registered marks, and whether it complies with specific legal requirements for each class.

6. How long does it take the Vietnamese Intellectual Property Office to issue a trademark registration certificate after the expiry of the opposition period? 

The Vietnam Intellectual Property Office usually issues a certificate of registration of a trademark within 1-2 months after the end of the opposition period, although in reality this period may be longer depending on the workload of the office and the efficiency of its internal processes.

7. How long is a trademark registration in Vietnam valid? 

The term of protection of a trademark in Vietnam is 10 years. Protection is effective from the date of filing, not from the date of actual registration.

8. I run a individual company. Can I file a trademark for protection on it in Vietnam? 

Of course, you can apply for protection of your trademark in Vietnam. If you wish to do this for your individual company, you will need to prepare its English business licence.

9. When should a trademark registration be renewed in Vietnam? 

The application for renewal of trademarks in Vietnam must be submitted no earlier than six months before the end of the current period of protection and no later than the expiry date. Subsequent filing is possible no later than six months after the expiry of the protection period, but will incur an additional fee.

10. How can I check if my brand or a similar one is already registered in Vietnam? 

You can check by searching the database of the Vietnam Intellectual Property Office (IPOV).

11. Can a mark registration be cancelled in Vietnam if it is not used? 

TaYes, you can. In Vietnam, a trademark can be cancelled for non-use. According to the Trademark Law of Vietnam, if a registered trademark has not been used continuously for a period of 5 years from the date of registration or from the date of the last use of the trademark. In such a case, the opposing party, the trademark owner, bears the burden of proving that the trademark has been used. If he fails to do so, the rights of the trademark expire.

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